Troyon, Constant

TROYON, Constant

1810-1865

Constant Troyon (1810-1865) began his career as a porcelain painter. By the late 1830s he turned his attention to landscape painting, and his first Salon entries were views of Saint-Cloud ant Sevres, near the state porcelain works. These early paintings were characterized by bright colors based on his experience working with porcelain glazes. In 1843, Troyon became friends with Theodore Rousseau and Jules Dupre, and began to frequent Fontainebleau, which would provide him with a new subject for his painting. In 1846, he was awarded a first-class medal at the Salon.

The turning point in Troyon’s career was in l847 when he visited the Lowlands. Here he fell under the influence of the two great 17th century Dutch animal painters-Albert Cuyp and Paulus Potter. When he returned to France he concentrated on animal painting, and the Salon of l849 saw his first entry devoted to an animal subject. From this point on he was a great success, both critically and financially, and his influence was felt in France, the Lowlands and Germany.

Troyon became the first Barbizon artist to win overall acceptance. Exhibitions of his works were held in London, Manchester, Brussels, Vienna, Antwerp and The Hague. His paintings of animals, rooted in their natural surroundings, are characterized by a perfect balance of color, line and composition. Whether painting a cow in a pasture or a pointer in a field, animal and nature co-exist in total harmony when they are recorded by Troyon’s brush. When Troyon died in 1865, his reputation as one of the greatest animal painters of the 19th century was firmly established.

Amiens Museum, France

Arnot Art Museum, Elmira, NY

Bordeux Museum, France

Boymans and Van Beunigen Museum, Rotterdam, the Netherlands

Brigham Young Fine Arts Collection

City and Land Art Galleries of Low Saxony, Hannover, Germany

Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, MI

Hendrik Willem Mesdag National Museum, Hague, the Netherlands

Henry Art Gallery, Seattle, WA

Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, Boston

Jean-Pierre Pescatore Museum, Luxembourg

Le Havre Museum, France

Louvre, France

Marsee Museum, Spain

Melton Park Gallery, Oklahoma City, OK

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Minneapolis Institute of Arts, MN

Municipal Gallery of Modern Art, Dublin

Musee d’Orsay, Paris

Museum of Montreal, Canada

Museum of Pictorial Art, Leipzig, Germany Hermitage Museum, Leningrad

National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh

National Gallery, Berlin, Germany

Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, MO

Phoenix Art Museum, AZ

Reading Art Gallery, PA

Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota, FL

Smith College Museum of Art, MA

Springfield Art Center, Springfield, OH

Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, Williamstown, MA

Taft Museum, Cincinnati, OH

Wallrof Richartz Museum, Germany

Washington University Art Gallery, St. Louis, MO

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